Information technology (IT) are the telecommunications and computers that enable us to store information, exchange and process it. This includes the software and equipment that allow us to communicate via email, instant messaging, or spreadsheets. It is also possible to pursue hobbies like genealogy or gardening with special word processors or graphing programs.

The technology lets people quickly access and organize huge quantities of data, which results in greater efficiency. It also provides a window into huge quantities of data that can be analyzed and enables decision-making to be made in a much faster manner than ever before.

Information technology is becoming more and more vital to the world of business. It can help a company monitor employee time and attendance and automate tasks that previously required manual effort or human intervention, simplify processes and increase productivity. It also allows companies to monitor inventory levels or provide real-time customer service.

Users are often required to learn new information technologies in a fast pace. Many IT careers are centered around the development, maintenance, and support of these systems. Information security analysts supervise cybersecurity, computer support specialists offer technical support to users, and network administrators design and maintain communications networks, such as WANs and LANs.

To participate fully in the society, everyone must be knowledgeable about information technology. Understanding how information is presented in a personal website can help citizens to better assess the risks and rewards of allowing the public access private information such as credit card transactions or photos of family members. They will also be able to better understand of issues pertaining to policy, such as freedom of expression and child sexual abuse on the Internet.